Recycling Mysteries: Batteries

battery recycling

In our increasingly mobile world, batteries serve quite a purpose. They power our cars, portable electronics and items we use every day. Batteries can even be made out of vegetables.

Batteries are identified by the product they're used for ("car battery," "cell phone battery," etc.) or its size ( "9V", "button cell"). But for scientific purposes, batteries' names are based on the metals they contain. Concerning disposal, the name can be helpful because it lets you know what elements are wrapped up in that cylindrical packaging.

Battery recycling is not a matter of possibility. It comes down to the efforts you're willing to take. Availability will also depend on where you live, as states like California have designated all batteries as hazardous waste and require that they be recycled or taken to a household hazardous waste (HHW) collection facility.

Before we outline the different types of batteries and what to do with them, consider these two points:

  1. Rechargeable batteries last considerably longer than single-use batteries, so using them means fewer batteries for disposal.
  2. All batteries have a finite life span.

Continue Reading: Alkaline Manganese Batteries

Latest posts by Trey Granger (see all)

  • Bad Rabbit

    I volunteer for my son’s elementary school’s green club (Midlothian, VA). We recently started a battery recycling program there with great success. We would bring the batteries to our local Batteries Plus for recycling. Just this past weekend, I was told that they are no longer contracted with the recycling company they were working with, and thus, no longer accept alkaline batteries for recycling. Has this been everyone else’s experience.

  • Beth S

    Rechargeable batteries are widely recycled at stores such as Home Depot, Lowes and Best Buy. Some folks at these stores CLAIM that they also take single-use alkaline batteries (Duracell, Energizer, etc.). They actually do not – they throw them out.

    The only place I’ve found here in SE Pennsylvania that recycles single-use batteries is IKEA.

    IKEA recycles single-use and rechargeable batteries, CFL Light Bulbs, Ink Cartridges, Paper, Cans, Bottles & Plastic Bags. Our school’s “Green Team” collects the batteries and we “carpool” them down to the IKEA.

  • http://Huhwhat? LH Levin

    Articles are interesting and useful, but correct English is important, too.

    PLEASE learn the difference between ‘less’ and ‘fewer': if you can count whatever it is, then it’s ‘fewer’, not ‘less’. That means it’s ‘less waste’, but ‘fewer batteries’ and ‘fewer button cells.’

    Thanks. Keep up the good work. -Larry Levin-

  • Ben M

    Useful information on battery recycling might also include a list of companies, stores, and services that can be found in communities that accepts batteries for recycling. Just a suggestion.

  • Trey Granger

    You can actually search for these stores using Earth911’s recycling search engine

  • Leiry

    thanks you Trey Granger for the info



  • George Ombwayo

    Please update me on the safe methods of disposing printing waste materials.

  • alex papa

    trey how u doin today this is alex papa from valdosta GA i have alot of questions on recycling. ive spent months searching the net for looking for answers while i veiw the internet as a valuable asset. it just cant answer all my questions. at this point i need live feedback please if u can email me at trying to secure my daughters future has been a tedious process. please help i promise not to waste ur time

  • Trey Granger

    The internet can be a great resource for information on recycling, but so can your local solid waste authority since many answers about recycling will depend on where you live. Usually your local county or city will have a department of solid waste, or at least a public works department.

  • Pingback: Random Linkage: Recycling Batteries, Left-over Ingredients, Kitchen Tips()

  • Paul Palmer

    Folks: Have you noticed how most of the discussions of “hazard” are either designed to scare the pants off of you or show you how so-called improper recycling in other countries is dangerous or to instruct you how to throw things away? Where do you suppose these things go when they are thrown away? Into dumps, or deep into the earth, as wasted resources. Who started the notion that dangerous ingredients trumps common sense? Chemicals are valuable resources. So are most metals. Hazard has nothing to do with the need to keep them reused and circulating forever so new ones don’t have to be mined or made or discarded. Have you noticed that the scare stories about improper recycling of electronics never show you any “proper” recycling? Could that be because there is no such thing? Recycling is an obsolete, wasteful, garbage friendly way of thinking. What is needed is to redesign all of these products so they can be reused again and again in their highest, functional forms, not smashed into useless shards. See .

  • James

    I just found a battery recycling program using the mail – They accept all dry-cell batteries, including AA, AAA, etc. It is like the CFL mail in programs, such as

  • Patti Toews

    San Luis Obispo County, California Battery Retail Take-Back Program

    DID YOU KNOW………….Household batteries and cell phones are considered hazardous because they contain toxic ingredients including mercury, lead, and cadmium. Because of these contaminants, it’s now illegal in California to throw away these items in your garbage or recycling can, or to dispose of them at area landfills. Instead, you should take back dead batteries and cell phones to any area business that sells them for FREE disposal.
    Beginning in April of 2008, a county-wide ordinance established a “Take Back Program” for household batteries and cell phones. Rest assured that, if a business in our community sells batteries or cell phones, they are required to take back those items from the public for FREE disposal.

  • Paul


    posted on August 16th, 2009 at 4:44 pm

    I just found a battery recycling program using the mail – They accept all dry-cell batteries, including AA, AAA, etc. It is like the CFL mail in programs, such as


    LOL !!! You run up your credit card paying $50.00 for recycling boxes, can’t pay the rest of your bills, and declare bankruptcy.
    I then pay for your defaulting [EDITED] with my tax money I saved, by throwing my bulbs and batteries in the trash.
    Isn’t the circle of life a wonderful thing??

  • http://yahoo Anthony Okoro Maduka

    in a developing country like Nigeria how do i manage large quantity of battery waste owing to non availability of facility for the management of conventional waste eg garbage. pls i really want to know how i can manage these waste locally. mind you there is no market for sale of recycled produce and these waste have to give way sustainably

  • Starbuck

    All I can say is that I’m tired of the whole trash/recycle quest. We hunt for hours and days to find the right way to dispose of batteries, medicine bottles, and other “questionables”, and all we can really come up with is the following stock recommendations that may or may not be correct:

    – Check with your local authorities.
    Regulations change frequently and no one really knows what the current rules are so when some government office tells you to bring the items to some depot there’s no guarantee that the depot will agree that that’s where you’re supposed to bring the items. Been there, done that.

    – Find a business that accepts specific items.
    Frankly I don’t trust businesses to do anything more than trash what we’ve carefully separated from the trash. There’s no regulation/enforcement/motivation to ensure people do what’s right.

    – Mail in the items.
    It seems to me that all this does is to get the mail service to exhaust more harmful emissions to transport items so that we can feel good about proper disposal. Local disposal is preferred.

    And then there are all of the nuances: It is recyclable if it has the letter Q or the number 6, but not if it’s R or 5 – unless it’s blue and manufactured after 2008 in which case it may be OK in some parts of the country. Oh please – consumers absolutely cannot take an hour to make a decision about how to dispose of every piece of material they touch in their lives.

    I have containers full of things that shouldn’t be thrown in the trash, and all of them need to go to separate places where they may or may not be accepted and may or may not be trashed once they are accepted. I have family, friends, and neighbors who don’t think twice about throwing away batteries while I try diligently to avoid doing so. So in the end, I ask myself “what’s the point?” I’ll keep trying to do my part but the phrase “drop in the ocean” comes to mind a lot around here.

    Here’s a suggestion to America: we put everything but “obvious” trash in the recycle bin and hire a lot of people who are out of work in this poor economy to filter through it and dispose of it properly. Unfortunately Americans (in particular) are too busy with consuming and creating trash, and they would rather be unemployed than to take jobs that involve filtering through trash.

    Sorry, just need to vent a little.

  • http://KAB Cynthia Young

    Batteries are separate in to there 3 componets, plastic, lead, and acid, I say that every comunity should make it an addition to there recycling programs by promoteing it as a job opportunity to become a battery recycling center. And they can offer insentives, for start up.. help with complance with regulation, and grants. Hey I think I will make that my new passion, then I can show others how to do it. I live on an Island and I have investigated where our batties go. They are shipped to 3rd world countries and stored in warehouses where they leache in their ground water, not ours, yea!, thats recycling. But what if we become responsible for our waste, wouldn’t that be something!

  • Blossom

    Me and my school are recycleing batteries, and i was wondering where a place well be willing to take are batteries.

  • jimi

    i would be very greatful to have the opportunity in the recylcling of batteries

  • Mike Tubbs

    I could really use your help! I’m trying to find an organization that would help us (The City of League City, Texas) recycle our used household batteries. (Dry-cell to begin with) We are looking to possibily enlarge our recycling program here that we are now providing to our citizens and we’re trying to make sure that we are covering all the bases. Please contact me if you have any information that would assist us. In the future, League City Texas could become a example for other surrounding cities to follow. Thank you.

  • Pingback: Quick Tip: Use Rechargable Batteries | How to Reuse it Creatively()

  • Gary

    I seems a good system to set up would be for each and every community, or larger cities can set assign several drop-off points, that are very local, to deal with the recycled batteries, but in-bulk. That way the mailing costs can be handled with a large quantity sent off for recycling at once, instead of each household doing this. Local drop off centers, yes?

  • Sue

    Hi Trey,

    Your article on the various types of batteries is excellent and I learned a great
    deal from reading it.

    I’ve begun what is called Spring cleaning” and this includes recycling all the
    batteries that have no more useful life to them but need to be properly
    recycled. This article couldn’t have come at a better time to help me
    sort through them all.

    Keep up the great job! Thank you!

  • Suzanne

    Thanks for the breakdown on the battery types and possible recycling options. My community does not recycle alkaline batteries and I have felt bad about putting them in the trash all these years. I am glad to hear that they are not so terrible these days. I did not know that the button batteries were hazardous. Thanks to your info, I will treat them differently.

  • Battery Recycling

    Well there are website out there that will buy your batteries for $2.00
    So search the search engine for sites

  • Jesse

    There’s a company that makes their own brand of batteries that they recycle for free, PerfPower Go Green batteries. You can buy them at retail stores for households or buy on a larger commercial scale for hospitals and other municipalities. It’s easy because all you have to do is buy this brand and then they do all the work recycling them for you…no tricks, it’s all free!


    I currently pay $1.00 a pound for Lithium Ion Batteries and $20 a pound for Silver Oxide Watch Batteries. I also buy Nickel metal Hydride and Cadmium Batteries. I will come to you and pay cash.. Thank you

  • AutoBattery Recycling

    Nice site! For example, in Russia auto batteries recycling is very important problem. Several organizations in Moscow takes batteries from people.